Oral surgery refers to any surgical procedures carried out in or around your mouth and jaw, typically by a dental specialist known for treating conditions, defects, injuries, and aesthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, jaws, and face. Every day, many patients undergo oral surgery treatments that drastically improve their quality of life. However, not every dental issue requires oral surgery. So, when is oral surgery considered necessary?

Getting to Know Oral Surgery

Oral surgery involves various surgical procedures carried out to improve oral health. Dental professionals who specialize in this field are known as oral surgeons. They possess expertise in treating complex dental issues that can’t be managed with conventional dental procedures. Partnering with trusted oral surgery specialists can ensure you receive the best possible care throughout any oral surgery procedure.

Common Indications for Oral Surgery

Oral surgery typically comes into play when non-surgical treatments can’t remedy dental issues. Here are a few common cases when oral surgery becomes the better option:

1. Tooth Extractions

Tooth extractions are performed when a tooth cannot be saved due to extensive decay, severe damage from trauma, or advanced gum disease (periodontitis). Impacted wisdom teeth, which cannot emerge normally, are also commonly extracted to prevent potential problems like pain, infection, and crowding of other teeth.

2. Wisdom Teeth Removal

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, often need removal because they frequently emerge misaligned, causing pain, swelling, and infection. Their removal is typically recommended to prevent future oral health issues.

3. Dental Implants

Dental implants are considered necessary when one or more teeth are missing. The implant, surgically placed in the jawbone, acts as an artificial tooth root and provides a stable foundation for a crown or bridge. This procedure is crucial for restoring function and aesthetics.

4. Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is necessary when the jawbone lacks sufficient volume or density to support dental implants. This surgical procedure involves adding bone material to the deficient area, promoting bone growth and allowing for successful implant placement.

5. Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery)

Orthognathic surgery is performed to correct significant misalignments of the upper and lower jaws that impact a patient’s bite, facial appearance, speech, and breathing. This surgery can have life-changing benefits, improving both function and aesthetics.

6. Treatment of Oral Pathologies

Oral surgeons may perform biopsies or surgical removal of cysts, tumors, or lesions in the mouth. These procedures are crucial for diagnosing and treating benign and malignant oral conditions.

7. Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

Severe TMJ disorders that cause chronic pain, limited jaw movement, and difficulty with daily activities like eating and speaking may require surgical intervention to reposition the jaw joint or correct structural issues.

8. Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

In cases of severe sleep apnea that do not respond to other treatments like continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), surgical options may be considered. Procedures can include removing excess throat tissue or repositioning the jaw to alleviate airway blockage.

9. Treatment of Trauma or Injury

Oral surgeons are often called upon to repair facial fractures, injuries to the mouth, or damage to teeth and supporting structures. This is essential for restoring function and appearance after accidents or physical trauma.

10. Pre-Prosthetic Surgery

Pre-prosthetic surgery creates an optimal foundation for dentures or other dental prosthetics. Procedures may involve reshaping the jawbone or gums to ensure a comfortable and secure fit for the prosthetic device.

11. Gum Surgery (Periodontal Surgery)

Surgical options may be necessary when non-surgical periodontal treatments like scaling and root planing are insufficient for treating advanced gum disease. These procedures aim to remove infected tissue, reduce pocket depths, and promote gum tissue regeneration.

Preparing for Oral Surgery

Preparation plays a key role in the success of any surgical procedure, including oral surgery. This generally involves a detailed consultation with your oral surgeon, who would take you through all the aspects of the surgery, including the necessary pre-surgery preparation, the procedure itself, and the post-surgery recovery process.

Post-Surgery Care

Post-surgery care plays an equally important role in the recovery process. It may include medication protocols, dietary restrictions, rest, and avoiding certain activities that could hinder recovery.

Considering Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry focuses on improving the appearance of your teeth, mouth, and smile. It involves teeth whitening, bonding, veneers, tooth reshaping, crown lengthening, smile makeovers, and even more complex procedures like dental implants. An experienced cosmetic dentist works to create a positive change in your teeth while ensuring the functionality is not compromised.

All About Comprehensive Dental Care

A comprehensive dental care approach integrates various dental services to address individual needs and prevent future dental issues. It covers everything from common dental cleaning to oral surgery, ensuring optimal oral health for the patients. 

Moreover, choosing a place like Fox Valley Dental Care in Aurora can significantly enhance your dental health, as they offer comprehensive care to diagnose, treat, and manage your overall oral health needs, encompassing gum care, root canals, fillings, crowns, veneers, bridges, and preventive education.


Oral surgery is a specialized branch of dentistry that addresses complex dental issues. While it’s not always the first port of call when dealing with dental problems, its role in maintaining the health and functionality of your teeth and mouth can’t be overlooked. Whether it’s managing impacted teeth or replacing missing ones, the benefits oral surgery can offer are wide and varied. Always consult a dental professional for dental or oral concerns to get the appropriate advice and treatment.